*clenches fists* i just want tattoos

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Remember when I dressed arthur up as julia?

Remember when I dressed arthur up as julia?

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scheriff i need the picture of us sitting in the hole at the beach for comparison purposes

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alltheladiesyouhate replied to your post “the colour palate for Hannibal is oddly soothing. idk why”

you and alison worry me

i tried to prove you wrong by googling hannibal colour palate to show you how nice it is, but i kept getting results of the murdered people. 

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captainlitebrite replied to your post “the colour palate for Hannibal is oddly soothing. idk why”


IT TOTALLY IS THO, like the darks are nice and saturated, and everything looks so smooth

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Guide: Post-Apocalyptic Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Parenting


Anonymous asked: My story takes place during a time where society crumbles from a virus and some radiation from bombs. I was wondering if it’s possible for babies to live and grow up in such a world. It’s impossible to find pain medication and so the woman would have to do it naturally. If she survives as well as the baby, would the child be able to live to see adulthood without vaccination? And what did people in the old days use for baby food, diapers and so on — well where could I find such information?

1) Is it possible for babies to live in a post-apocalyptic world where virus and radiation are present?

Yes, babies can live and grow in such a world. Radiation has a limited life and limited reach, and carriers of the virus can be avoided. As long as a baby is not contaminated by radiation or exposed to the virus, there’s a chance they could survive to adulthood. 

Contamination vs Radiation
Radiation Emergencies
Environmental Risks and Pregnancy
Birth Defects Among the Children of Atomic Bomb Survivors
The Post-Apocalyptic New Parent

2) Could a child live to see adulthood without vaccination?

Modern humans have been around for 100,000 years, but vaccines are a relatively recent invention. Of course, the infant mortality rate was much higher without modern medicine, but if some babies hadn’t survived without vaccination, we wouldn’t be here. ;)

Today, the occurrence of most vaccine-preventable diseases, like polio, measles, and diphtheria, are at an all-time low thanks to vaccines. However, if we stop vaccinating due to choice or lack of availability, 
these diseases and others would slowly begin to reappear and we would see more deaths as a result. 

3) What would childbirth be like without pain killers and medical intervention?

Natural childbirth was the only option prior to the mid-1800s when ether and chloroform were sometimes used as painkillers during labor, but even then, the use of anesthesia during labor wasn’t common practice until the 1920s. Even today, women all over the world give birth naturally, some by choice and others due to lack of anesthesia availability. We were made to give birth naturally. :) The bigger problem comes from lack of pre-natal care, medical intervention during pregnancy and labor complications, and lack of post-natal care for both the mother and baby. Quality medical care throughout the entire process, from conception to birth, lowers the risks for both mother and baby. Without medical care, the risks will increase and you would see fewer successful live births and an increase in infant and maternal death rates.

A Quick History of Medication in Maternal Healthcare
'Get Me Out': Making Babies Through The AgesPregnancy and Childbirth for the Historical Author
Post-Apocalyptic Pregnancy
Post-Apocalyptic Childbirth

4. What did people use for baby food in old times?

Breast feeding is the natural method of feeding babies, and for a long time there were no alternatives. Babies who couldn’t be fed at their mother’s breast had to be fed from another mother’s breast or they would starve to death. In ancient times, as early as 2000 BC, humans began to experiment with emergency alternatives to breast feeding. Vessels made of clay, wood, or other materials were filled with animal milk or a mixture of honey and wine, and dribbled into the baby’s mouth. Other methods included soaking a rag or piece of bread in animal milk and allowing the baby to suck on it. Unfortunately, these objects often introduced bacteria into the baby’s body, meaning that one-third of artificially fed babies would die of infection. Fortunately, glass baby bottles began to appear in the 19th century, and by the early 1900s, early versions of the modern baby bottle had been refined. 

Traditionally, babies were breast or bottle fed for about a year, by which point they have a fair number of teeth. Milk could be supplemented with cereal grain soaked in broth or mashed up solid foods. In ancient times and in some cultures still today, mothers would chew up solid food and deposit it into their baby’s mouth. This process is called masticating, and while it sounds gross, there seems to have been some immunity benefit to the baby.

In a post-apocalyptic scenario, the mother would probably breast feed for one to two years. This would provide the baby with some immunity against everyday illnesses, and would also help prevent a new pregnancy for the mom during some of that time. If the mother couldn’t nurse and a wet nurse was not available, they would bottle feed using cow or goat’s milk. If neither option were available, they would be hard-pressed to keep the infant alive. Solids could be introduced around six months of age, depending on what was available. Raw foods like banana, avocado, peach, blueberry, kiwi, and plum can be easily mashed with a fork and served to the baby. Cooked foods like potato, sweet potato, squash, carrots, apples, pears, black beans, broccoli, cauliflower, green beans, and turnips can also be mashed with a fork and served to the baby. Meat will be more difficult to puree without a food processor, but they could be offered as soon as the baby’s molars are in, between 20 and 30 months of age. Babies can eat wild game, though there is some risk of certain bacteria. Otherwise, they could eat chicken, beef, pork, boneless fish, and eggs.

The History of the Feeding Bottle
Early American Feeding Practices
Homemade Baby Food
Wholesome Baby Food
Baby Teeth Eruption Chart
History of Breastfeeding

5. What was used for diapers before disposable diapers existed?

Before disposable diapers, people used cloth diapers, and many still do as it is less expensive and better for the environment. Today, special cloth diapers are made and are available for purchase wherever baby items are sold. These would be hand washed at home, but people can also hire a diaper service which provides the cloth diapers and launders them for you. Prior to modern cloth diapers, people used whatever cloth was available, and sometimes even used animal skins and leaves. In a post-apocalyptic situation, cotton and flannel shirts and blankets would be cut into diapers.

A History of Diapers
Cloth Diapers Users Guide
How to Make Your Own Diapers Using Old T-Shirts

I hope that answers all of your questions! :)

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captain charming

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